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Chapter 5
Chapter 5. Construction
Chapter 5. Reloading
Chapter 5. History of creation
Chapter 5. Advantages
Chapter 5. Manufacture
Chapter 5. In memory of the designer
Chapter 5. Outcomes



Mosin rifle was called “three-line” due to the caliber
of the barrel, which was equal to three lines.

Line is an old measure of length.
1 line = 1⁄10 inch or 2.54 mm 3 lines = 7.62 mm
A competition for the development of a repeater rifle was announced in 1883 in Russia. For this event the Special Repeater Rifle Testing Commission was established.

Mosin Sergei Ivanovich
The same year, Sergei Ivanovich Mosin submitted his rifle with the rack-and-crafts magazine intended for 8 rounds created on the basis of the model 1870.
Mosin subsequently suggested an improved version of the rifle, increasing the magazine capacity to 12 rounds.
In 1890, he created a rifle with the median magazine, which showed positive results in the preliminary tests.
Mosin weapon came to become one of the leaders among the rifles examined by the Commission.
Butt stock
Gunstock band
Fore sight
Needle-type bayonet with a four-sided cross-shaped blade showing a deep fuller on each face.
Serial number 1
3D: Assemble a rifle
The rear face of the barrel accommodates the cartridge chamber with cartridges ready for shooting.

The breech end of the barrel typically contains factory stamps implying the year of issue and the manufacturer.
Firing trigger
Barrel sight
3D: Disassemble a rifle
Aiming sights of the rifle consisted of a fore sight and framework scope.

Fire could most effectively delivered to a distance of about 500 meters.
Breechlock grip
Breechlock comb
3D: Shooting
Turn the breechblock grip to the left.
Take the breechblock back until stop.
Insert the clip into the slots of the receiver. Drown the cartridges in the magazine chamber by a thumb and pull out the clip.
Move the breechblock forward.
Rotate the breechblock grip to the right.
In 1891, the rifle was put into service with the Russian army.

Mosin rifle advantages:
Simple design.
Convenient use.
Reliable mechanisms.
High-accuracy shooting.
In 1893, the Tula Arms Factory launched the mass production of the Mosin rifle under the guidance of Sergei Ivanovich Mosin.
The Russian arms factories could not release 3,000,000 rifles needed to refit the Russian army in the short term. The order for the manufacture of 500,000 pieces was placed in the arms factory in Chatellerault, France.
These rifles for Russia were also produced at American factories “Remington” and “Westinghouse” for Russia during the First World War.
Currently, Mosin rifles made in the USA and France are rarities kept in collections.
The total number of three-line rifles, model of 1891, and other modifications manufactured at the Tula Arms Factory:
Russo-Japanese war
First World War
Civil War
In 1830, the rifle was slightly upgraded and accepted into service as a model 1891/30.
The Mosin rifle, the legendary 3-line rifle, was used in the Russian army for over 50 years.

More than 37,000,000 rifles
were released.
The prize in honor of Sergei Ivanovich Mosin awarded as a recognition of merits in developing of the Russian defense industry was established.
This prize is annually awarded in the Tula being the Armory capital of the country.
History of Firearms and Bladed Weapons of the 14th Century until 1914
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at the first exposition level