Now loading:
Chapter 3
Chapter 3. Backstory
Chapter 3. Creation
Chapter 3. Meeting
Chapter 3. Construction
Chapter 3. Loading process
Chapter 3. Use
Chapter 3. Colt revolver future

Cap and Ball

Colt Revolver

The Lord God made man, Abraham Lincoln gave them freedom
but Colonel Samuel Colt finally made them equal
— as says an American proverb
The first revolvers appeared in the early stages of the development of handguns in the 16th century. Such a weapon was also known in Russia.
It is known that the Tula craftsmen began manufacturing the flintlock pistols with cylinders at the end of the 18th century.
Сэмюэль Кольт
However, the heyday of revolvers reached its peak in the middle of the 19th century and is associated with the name of the American entrepreneur Samuel Colt.
The exhibition shows a Colt revolver manufactured at the factory of the Tula craftsman Peter Kornilovich Goltyakov.
Wooden grip extending
at the bottom
Exposed hammer
Each nipple is placed in a separate recess
Hinged lever
3D: Assemble a revolver
Modified grip shape
The number of channels in the bore is reduced from 7 to 6 with a new step
A head with a lanyard ring at the grip end
The trigger guard is adjusted for resting the middle finger
The differences between the Colt revolver made by Tula
gunsmiths and the Colt manufactured in America:
3D: Disassemble a revolver
A.P. Gorlov, Russian army colonel, who was a Russian military agent in the United States,
highlighted an array of differences from American models:
The curvature of the tracks on our Mr. Colt’s revolvers is the same along the entire length of the bore, while the revolvers manufactured by Mr. Colt (patented) have this curvature increasing gradually with the approach to the muzzle. This adjustment of our revolvers is made for the ease of removing rust from the tracks by a lead toolм.
Place a hammer half-cock to rotate the cylinder freely.
Rotating the cylinder, put caps on nipples in succession.
Insert the rounds with a paper sleeve filled with a gunpowder charge and a lead bullet in the cylinder chambers on the front side. Seal the round in the cylinder chamber with a rod.
3D: Shooting
The meeting of Nicholas I and Samuel Colt at the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg took place on October 30, 1854. The businessman granted the Emperor three luxuriously decorated revolvers representing dragoon, naval and pocket models.
Nicholas I was not surprised by this weapon to Colt’s amazement.
Nicholas I
Samuel Colt
Colt’s attempt to secure an order for his revolvers in Russia failed.
Colt revolvers were not officially in service in the Russian army.
However, Russian officers were encouraged to buy their at their own expense. In Russia, these revolvers were manufactured at private enterprises, including in Tula.
Since 1854 revolvers were used in the Russian Navy.
It is known that in the spring of 1854 Tula gunsmiths presented to Nicholas I a Colt revolver of their own production. This event was followed by the Emperor’s order for the Tula Arms Factory to produce 400 of these revolvers intended for the naval crew guards, and also for the imperiality rifle regiment officers. The order for the fleet had been completed by January 1, 1855.
Then, many countries arranged the production of cap and ball revolvers of different models.
N. I. Goltyakov in the late 19th — early 20th century
Thus, the Tula craftsman Nikolai Ivanovich Koltakov created a revolver of his own design.
Over time, cap and ball models were superseded by more sophisticated revolvers fit for unitary round type.
Manufacture of cap and ball revolvers in the mid 19th century was quite a complex business. Nonetheless, Tula craftsmen adequately coped with this task.
History of Firearms and Bladed Weapons of the 14th Century until 1914
To the next exhibit item
The exhibit item is available
in the showcase No. 22
at the first exposition level